Understanding complications/comorbidities of obesity
Obesity is much more than just excess weight. It is associated with over 200 complications affecting an individual’s health and various organ systems.1-8
Consequently, obesity has a significant association with morbidity and mortality. Severe obesity has been associated with a decreased life expectancy and increased rate of death independently of age, geographic region, educational qualification or smoking.9 This includes greater risk of developing diabetes,10 hypertension10 and hyperlipidaemia11. Heart failure12, metabolic syndrome13 and ischemic stroke14 are other significant and well-evidenced complications of obesity. Obesity also increases mortality from a number of cancers, including for example breast cancer10 and prostate cancer10. Similarly, individuals with obesity are at greater risk to experience depression,15 other mental health problems15 and overall decreased quality of life.15
The high rate of obesity-related comorbidities emphasises how important early intervention is in order to prevent serious outcomes.
Click on any of the complications below for more information on their association with obesity and the impact of health.